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Crushed finger re-implanted with unique micro surgery operation at Yashoda Hospital, Kaushambi


GHAZIABAD: Dr. Mukesh Kumar, Senior Specialist, Department of Plastic Surgery at Yashoda Super Specialty Kaushambi, and team successfully reimplanted crushed and amputated finger in road accident, after four hours of unique micro-surgery. Dr. Mukesh Kumar, the surgeon who performed the surgery, has joined the amputated limbs of more than 100 people in the last 15 years. Only a few such surgeries have been performed in Delhi NCR hospital so far and this will probably be the first such surgery for the city of Ghaziabad. Rishabh Garg, a resident of Ghaziabad, had an accident. His finger was crushed and amputated. Now after the operation, his finger is well joined and the stitches have also been removed.

Dr Mukesh told that there is a big challenge in this surgery. Nerves and tendons also go along with blood vessels from where the finger is operated. The amputated finger is reimplanted back in its place along with connecting Vessels, Nerve, Bone Tendons through a microscope which is a big challenge.

After the surgery, Dr. Mukesh Kumar told that after any part of the body is cut, there is a need for quick action. The part of the amputated limb is joined by the technique of micro vascular surgery. He said that it is not that there is success in 100 per cent cases, but 70-80 per cent cases can be resolved. In case of such an accident, with a quick response and understanding of the people along with the patient, he should be taken to the hospital as soon as possible.
He told that the cut limbs should be kept in a plastic bag. This bag must be sealed. This bag should be kept in another bag containing water and ice cubes. It is very important to take care that the amputated limb does not come in direct contact with the ice, as it will not allow the part to be re-implanted. If the amputated limb is placed properly, that part can be re-implanted within 12 hours.


Ministry grants drone use permission to Directorate of ULBs Haryana; to help in dev. of AMRUT cities


Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) and Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) have granted conditional exemption from Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Rules, 2021 to Directorate of Urban Local Bodies (DULB), Haryana. The exemption has been allowed for data acquisition, mapping, and implementation of web-based GIS platform for development of AMRUT cities and property tax survey for Hisar, Panchkula, Ambala urban areas.

This exemption is valid for a period of one year from the date of approval or until further orders, whichever is earlier and shall be subject to the terms and conditions of the SOP issued by DGCA.

List of locations of Directorate of Urban Local Bodies (DULB), Haryana approved for drone operations:

1.         Ambala            10.       Palwal

2.         Bahadurgarh   11.       Panchkula

3.         Bhiwani           12.       Panipat

4.         Faridabad        13.       Rewari

5.         Gurugram        14.       Rohtak

6.         Hisar                15.        Sirsa

7.         Jind                 16.        Sonepat

8.         Kaithal            17.       Thanesar

9.         KarnaI             18.        Yamunanagar

Link to Public Notice

Source: PIB

Making water data accessible on official website of the Ministry


Central Government is continuously making efforts to make water data accessible, transparent and accurate on the official website of the Ministry/Department. Data of various central sector and centrally sponsored schemes/ projects of Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation are being regularly monitored/updated and uploaded on the Dashboards which is available on official website of the Department, i.e. https://jalshakti-dowr.gov.in.

The Ministry of Jal Shakti has launched the National Hydrology Project (NHP) to improve the extent, quality, and accessibility of water resources information, decision support system for floods and basin level resource assessment/planning. It also aims at strengthen the capacity of targeted water resources professionals and management institutions in India. National Water Informatics Centre (NWIC) has been set up by the Government of India on 28th March, 2018 to act as a central repository of updated water data and allied themes.  All the data is available in public domain for all stakeholders and the public in general through website/dashboards (at https://nwic.gov.in).

Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) is under implementation in partnership with States to make provision of tap water supply to every rural household of the country by 2024. To make the drinking water data under Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) accessible, an online dashboard has been created, which is available on official website of Department of Drinking Water & Sanitation i.e. https://jalshakti-ddws.gov.in. The data contains drinking water related State/ UT wise data up to the village level. Most of the data on JJM dashboard is updated by States/ UTs regularly, as per the progress made by them in the scheme’s implementation. To ensure the transparency of data, the department reviews data of various schemes/ projects regularly.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Jal Shakti and Food Processing Industries, Prahlad Singh Patel in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha.

Source: PIB

PM launches digital payment solution e-RUPI


Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched digital payment solution e-RUPI, a person and purpose specific digital payment solution, today via video conference. e-RUPI is a cashless and contactless instrument for digital payment.

Addressing the event, the Prime Minister said that the eRUPI voucher is going to play a huge role in making DBT more effective in digital transactions in the country and  will give a new dimension to digital governance. This will help everyone in targeted, transparent and leakage free delivery. He said e-RUPI is a symbol of how India is progressing by connecting people’s lives with technology. He also expressed happiness that this futuristic reform initiative has come at a time when the country is celebrating the Amrit Mahotsav on the  75th anniversary of independence.

He said in addition to the government, if any organization wants to help someone in their treatment, education or for any other work, then they will be able to give an eRUPI voucher instead of cash. This will ensure that the money given by him is used for the work for which the amount was given.

The Prime Minister said eRUPI is person as well as purpose specific. eRUPI will ensure that the money is being used for the purpose for which any help or any benefit is being provided.

The Prime Minister recalled that there was a time when technology was considered a domain of the rich people and there was no scope for technology in a poor country like India. He remembered when this government took technology as a mission, it was questioned by the political leaders and certain types of experts.  He added that today the country has also denied the thinking of those people, and has proved them wrong. Today the thinking of the country is different, it is new. Today we are seeing technology as a tool to help the poor, a tool for their progress.

The Prime Minister noted how technology is bringing in transparency and integrity in transections and creating new opportunities and making them available to the poor. He mentioned that for reaching today’s unique product, foundation was prepared over the years by creating the JAM system which connected mobile and Aadhaar. Benefits of JAM took some time to be visible to people and we saw how we could help the needy during the lockdown period while other countries were struggling to help their people, said the Prime Minister. He noted that in India, more than seventeen and half lakh crore rupees have been transferred directly to the accounts of the people via Direct Benefit Transfer. More than three hundred schemes are using DBT. 90 crore Indian are being benefited in some way or the other through in areas like LPG, ration, medical treatment, scholarship, pension or wage disbursal. 1 lakh 35 thousand crore rupees have directly been transferred to farmers under PM Kisan Samman Nidhi, 85 thousand crore rupees for government purchase of wheat were also disbursed in this manner. “The biggest benefit of this all is that 1 lakh 78 thousand crore rupees were prevented from going to the wrong hands, ” he added.

The Prime Minister noted that development of digital transactions in India has empowered the poor and deprived, small businesses, farmers and tribal population.  This can be felt in the record of 300 crore UPI transactions in the month of July amounting to  6 lakh crore rupees.

The Prime Minister said India is proving to the world that we are second to none in adopting technology and adapting to it. When it comes to innovations, use of technology in service delivery, he said that India has the ability to give global leadership alongside major countries of the world.

The Prime Minister said that the PM Svanidhi Yojana has helped more than 23 lakh street vendors in small towns and large cities of the country. During this pandemic period, about Rs 2300 crore has been disbursed to them.

The Prime Minister said the world is recognizing the impact of the work done in the last 6-7 years for digital infrastructure and digital transactions in the country. Especially in India, a huge base of fintech has been created which is not present even in developed countries, he added.

Source: PIB

₹ 1,16,393 cr gross GST revenue collected in July


The gross GST revenue collected in the month of July 2021 is ₹ 1,16,393 crore of which CGST is ₹ 22,197 crore, SGST is ₹ 28,541 crore, IGST is ₹ 57,864 crore (including ₹ 27,900 crore collected on import of goods) and Cess is ₹ 7,790 crore (including ₹ 815 crore collected on import of goods).The above figure includes GST collection received from GSTR-3B returns filed between 1st July 2021 to 31st July2021 as well as IGST and cess collected from imports for the same period.

The GST collection for the returns filed between 1st July to 5th July2021 of ₹ 4,937 crore had also been included in the GST collectionin the press note for the month of June2021since taxpayers were given various relief measures in the form of waiver/reduction in interest on delayed return filing for 15 days for the return filing month June21 for the taxpayers with the aggregate turnover uptoRs. 5 crore in the wake of covid pandemic second wave.

The government has settled ₹ 28,087 crore to CGST and ₹ 24100 crore to SGST from IGST as regular settlement. The total revenue of Centre and the States after regular settlement in the month of July’ 2021 is ₹ 50284 crore for CGST and ₹ 52641 crore for the SGST.

The revenues for the month of July 2021 are 33% higher than the GST revenues in the same month last year. During the month, revenues from import of goods was 36% higher and the revenues from domestic transaction (including import of services) are 32% higher than the revenues from these sources during the same month last year.

GST collection, after posting above Rs. 1 lakh crore mark for eight months in a row, dropped below Rs. 1 lakh crore in June 2021 as the collections during the month of June 2021 predominantly related to the month of May 2021 and during May2021, most of the States/UTs were under either complete or partial lock down due to COVID. With the easing out of COVID restrictions, GST collection for July2021 has again crossed₹1 lakh crore, which clearly indicates that the economy is recovering at a fastpace.The robust GST revenues are likely to continue in the coming months too.

The table shows the state-wise figures of GST collected in each State during the month July 2021 as compared to July 2020.

State-wise growth of GST Revenues during July2021[1]

Sr NoStateJul-20Jul-21Growth
1Jammu and Kashmir29843245%
2Himachal Pradesh60566710%
9Uttar Pradesh5,0996,01118%
12Arunachal Pradesh335569%
19West Bengal3,0103,46315%
23Madhya Pradesh2,2892,65716%
25Daman and Diu770-99%
26Dadra and Nagar Haveli13022774%
33Tamil Nadu4,6356,30236%
35Andaman and Nicobar Islands18196%
37Andhra Pradesh2,1382,73028%
39Other Territory9714145%
40Center Jurisdiction179161-10%
 Grand Total66,29187,67832%

Does not include GST on import of goods

Source: PIB

Centre reviews COVID-19 situation in 10 states showing an upsurge & positivity in districts with more than 10% positivity


Rajesh Bhushan, Union Health Secretary chaired a high-level meeting today to review the COVID-19 situation in 10 states of Kerala, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Assam, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Andhra Pradesh and Manipur. The public health measures taken for surveillance, containment and management of COVID19 by the health authorities in these states were also reviewed. These States are either reporting a rise in new daily COVID cases or a rise in positivity. Dr Balram Bhargava, DG ICMR and Secretary (DHR) was also present. Principal Secretary (Health), Mission Director (NHM), State Surveillance Officer of all these states participated in the review meeting.

Union Secretary for Health and Family Welfare underlined the critical COVID control and management strategies as below:

  1. All districts reporting positivity rate more than 10% in the last few weeks need to consider strict restrictions to prevent/curtail movement of people, formation of crowds and intermingling of people to prevent spread of infection. It was forcefully underlined that any laxity at this stage will result in deterioration of the situation in these districts.
  2. More than 80% active cases in these states are reported to be in home isolation. There is need to effectively and strictly monitor these cases so that they are not intermingling and circulating in their neighborhoods, community, village, mohalla, ward etc., and spreading the infection.
  3. The people in home isolation should be effectively monitored in such a manner to ensure that those who require hospitalization are seamlessly transferred for timely clinical treatment. Detailed SOPs covering various facets of effective clinical management of COVID19 patients in hospitals have been earlier shared with the States for prompt shifting and effective hospital management.
  4. States also to focus on those districts where the positivity rate is less than 10%, so as to protect these districts and the populations by focusing on saturation of vaccination in these districts. Union Health Ministry provides advance visibility on a fortnightly basis to enable the states to plan their vaccination schedules in an effective manner. States were again informed that this quantum of vaccine doses indicates the minimum possible allocation by the Centre to the States; quantum  more than this is usually delivered by the Union Health Ministry to States based on their consumption.
  5. In the last two months, the Union Government has been supporting States by providing oxygen concentrators, oxygen cylinders and PSA plants. In addition to this, States are using their own resources to put up PSA plants in government hospitals. States were advised to direct private hospitals to put up hospital-based PSA plants. States have been advised earlier regarding this in the past two months. Provisions under the Clinical Establishment Act enable States to issue such direction to the private hospitals. For states which have already issued such directions, they were advised to review the status and facilitate the private hospitals further.

DG, ICMR warned against any complacency with around 40,000 cases being reported daily since the preceding weeks. Highlighting the fact that 46 districts are showing more than 10% positivity while another 53 districts are showing a positivity between 5%-10%, he urged the States to ramp up their testing. States have been advised to conduct their own state level sero-surveys for district-wise disease prevalence data, as the national level sero-prevalence survey was heterogeneous in nature, in collaboration with ICMR to ensure the same sturdy protocols of survey. He advised the States to ramp up vaccination in the 60+ and 45-60 age categories as evidence shows near 80% of the mortality is from these vulnerable age-groups. Regarding enforcement measures, he advised the State authorities for avoiding all non-essential travel and to discourage all large gatherings of crowds.

Through a detailed presentation, a granular analysis of the highly affected districts (Districts of Concern) in these states, COVID-19 Vaccination Coverage, Status of Ventilators, PSA Plants, Oxygen Cylinders and Concentrators along with some key statistics was presented.

States were asked to use the INSACOG laboratory networkfor genomic surveillance to screen International Travelers (for the entry of new variants/mutants in India from other countries), monitor ongoing surveillance through Sentinel Sites(RT-PCR labs or secondary & tertiary care hospitals managing COVID cases) and surge surveillance.

States were advised to:

  • Undertake intensive containment and active surveillance in clusters reporting higher cases.
  • Define containment zones, based on mapping of cases and contacts traced.
  • Undertake regular reviews and follow-up for implementation of ECRP-II with a focus on augmentation of existing health infrastructure particularly in rural areas and paediatric cases.
  • Report death count as per ICMR guidelines.

Source: PIB

New polyhouse technology for horticulture CROPS


Dr. (Prof.) Harish Hirani, Director, CSIR-Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Durgapur inaugurated a “Naturally Ventilated Polyhouse Facility” and laid foundation stone of “Retractable Roof Polyhouse” at Ludhiana in Punjab.

Briefing about the technology, Prof. Hirani said that the farmers face number of problems such as excessive or insufficient cold, heat, rain, wind, and other factors associated with insufficient transpiration, and also crop losses in India due to insect pests is about 15% at present and this loss may increase as climate change lowers the plant defense system against insects & pests. To some extent these problems can be overcome by conventional polyhouse. Conventional Polyhouse have a stationary roof to reduce the effect of weather anomalies and pests. However, there are still disadvantages due to roof covering which sometimes lead to excessive heat, and insufficient light (early morning). Besides this, they are also prone to insufficient levels of CO2, transpiration and water stress. A combination of open field conditions and conventional Polyhouse conditions is a more robust way to deal with the climate change and associates problems in the future.

Dr. Harish Hirani also revealed that CMERI Extension centre, Ludhiana is installing a “Retractable Roof Polyhouse Technology”. This all-weather structure will have an automatic retractable roof which will be operated based on weather conditions and crop requirements from the conditional database using PLC software. This ongoing development will help farmers to cultivate both seasonal and off-season crops which can fetch higher yield, firmer and high shelf-life produce by creating optimal indoor micro-climate conditions compared to conventional open field tunnels & naturally ventilated poly houses, and also it is viable technology for organic cultivation.

Jagdish Manikrao, Senior Scientist, who is leading the research team on the development of this technology explained that the retractable roof will be used to manipulate sun light quantity, quality & duration, water stress, humidity, carbon di-oxide levels, and crop & soil temperatures. Dr. Pradeep Rajan, Sr. Principal Scientist, Head, Farm Machinery and Precision Agriculture further elaborated that this structure is being developed in collaboration with CSIR-IHBT, Palampur and in the process of integrating Artificial Intelligence in automating the Polyhouse based on the crop and weather requirements and providing an IoT enabled farmer friendly user interface.

The Director, also briefed that as the scientific experimental data on the advantages of the new Polyhouse system are lacking, therefore horticultural crops will be cultivated in both naturally ventilated Polyhouse and retractable roof poly house for comparing the crop production and produce quality. With installation of Naturally Ventilated Polyhouse and Retractable Roof Polyhouse side by side, we can get the required scientific data and by analyzing the results we can enhance productivity. The developed facility will be used as a demonstration farm to the farmers.

Source: PIB

IIT Roorkee launches 7 new academic programmes from upcoming autumn session


The oldest technical institution of the country, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Roorkee, conducted a virtual ceremony to introduce seven new academic programs, which will be offered to the students from the upcoming Autumn Session (2021-2022). The institution added six postgraduate degree programs and one five-year integrated program into its curriculum. These programs were specifically designed to address the rising demand for new-age technologies, governed by rapid digitalisation and advanced technology. The new programs will create a significant impact in the higher education sector in India. The seven new programs included M. Tech. (Artificial Intelligence) and M. Tech. (Data Science) under the Centre for Artificial Intelligence and Data Science (CAIDS), M. Des. (Industrial Design), and MIM (Masters in Innovation Management) under the Department of Design, Online M. Tech. (Microelectronics and VLSI) for working industry professionals under the Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, MS Economics (Five Year Integrated program) under the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, and M. Tech. (Dam Safety and Rehabilitation) under the proposed ‘International Centre for Dams’ (currently coordinated by Department of Hydrology). These degree programs will facilitate quality education in select areas of engineering, architecture, economics, and management along with in the specialized areas like Data Science and Artificial Intelligence.

The institution, in line with the transformative reforms introduced by National Education Policy, 2020, has launched these courses to widen the scope of its offering, making it accessible to more, including working professionals. These courses have been designed to equip students/ working professionals with theoretical knowledge and technical know-how to add value to their respective fields. These new programs will bridge the gap between learning and required experience as well as alter the mindset towards learning by making it more flexible, accessible, and a life-long process than onetime acquisition. In designing the new courses, IITR has been mindful of keeping intact the core philosophy professed by NEP, 2020, i.e. blending practical and professional learning approaches to produce a highly efficient, productive and talented workforce.

B. V. R. Mohan Reddy, Chairman, Board of Governors at Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, chaired the launch event. The Chief Guest of the event was Professor Ashutosh Sharma, Secretary, Department of Science and Technology, Government of India. Prof. Apurbba Kumar Sharma, Dean of Academic Affairs, welcomed the participants and highlighted the significance of the new programs and initiatives of IIT Roorkee to fulfil the demand of future technologies in higher education. The concerned Head of the Deptt. and Centres introduced the programs.

Lauding the institution for its progressive move, Chief Guest of the event, Professor Ashutosh Sharma, Secretary, Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, said, “I am so delighted to see the launch of these 7 new academic programmes and to hear about their outlines and philosophy. New Initiatives of this kind separate the leaders from followers. I wish everybody all the very best in going forward with it. Thank you so much for having me here with all and learning about all the great things going on at IIT Roorkee”

Commenting on the launch of the new programs, B. V. R. Mohan Reddy, Chairman, Board of Governors, IIT Roorkee, said, “I congratulate IIT Roorkee for the launch of 7 new academic programs. IIT Roorkee is making good progress in creating interdisciplinary programs and for starting the programs which are in demand and relevant to the nation today, because we are also aiming for Atma Nirbhar Bharat so innovation becomes an integral part of our future. There is another need for entrepreneurship in this country and I recommend entrepreneurship programs to make sure we have a lot more job creators as a post to job seekers.”

Appreciating the move taken by the institute Prof. Ajit K Chaturvedi, Director, IIT Roorkee, said, All the new academic programs initiated address the needs of our country. They have been created after careful deliberations at several levels. To offer these programs, IIT Roorkee has established one new department i.e. Department of Design and one new centre i.e. Centre for Artificial Intelligence and Data Science. Further, given the interdisciplinary nature of another program, the Institute created a program committee with representation from four departments.”

M. Tech. (Microelectronics and VLSI) is a 3-year program designed for working professionals. It is a flexible course for those who want to upgrade their career and cannot attend regular on-campus classes. This online degree will intend to prepare students for managerial engineering roles in the industry. M. Tech. in Dam Safety and Rehabilitation program is a two-year program. It will train the sponsored officers working in the area to deal with challenges of safety and rehabilitation of the older dams and design of new dams. Any graduate of the relevant area can join this course. The MS Economics (Five Year Integrated program) is a five-year integrated program to equip students with the tools needed by a professional economist in government or other organisations or to carry out research. A student can exit from this course after four years by getting a BS degree.

The M. Des. (Industrial Design) and MIM (Masters in Innovation Management) are two-year programs, which focuses on developing Documentation and Archival Repository of Design Innovation practices at the grassroot level. It also aims at building a friendly environment between academia and the industry to address the relevant societal issues through co-creation and their transformation into products. The virtual centre CAIDS is offering, two-year masters’ programs M.Tech. (Artificial Intelligence) and M. Tech (Data Science) to develop new and skilled manpower, by offering focused training and promoting research and consultancy. Besides, it aims to aid the projects related to Artificial Intelligence and Data Science, running at national and international levels.


Aadhaar seeding of 92.8% ration cards completed; 92.7% Fair Price Shops in the country have ePoS devices


The Union Minister of State for Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti in a written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha today informed that the States/UTs have completed the Aadhaar seeding of about 21.91 Crore (92.8%) ration cards and 70.94 Crore (90%) NFSA beneficiaries at the national level. While nearly 4.98 Lakh (92.7%) FPS in the country are having ePoS devices up to 23/07/2021.

Under the ONORC plan, presently an average of about 1.5 Crore portability transactions are recorded on a monthly basis, which accounts for only about 10% of total Public Distribution System (PDS) transactions happening in the country. Further, a high number of intra-State (within State/UT) transactions are seen consistently and the under the PDS reforms, most of the States/UTs have computerized their supply chain management of foodgrains. Further, with respect to inter-State portability transactions, a central system is facilitating the periodic reconciliation and adjustment of foodgrains distributed by States/UTs to migrant NFSA beneficiaries of other States/UTs through the inter-State portability transactions.

Since its inception in August 2019, more than 29 Crore portability transactions have been recorded under the ONORC plan up to June 2021. However, the number of migrant beneficiaries who had benefitted through these portability transactions could be much more as any member of the beneficiary household can lift the foodgrains on behalf of the entire household through one or more transactions.

The One Nation One Ration Card (ONORC) plan, for nation-wide portability of the National Food Security Act 2013 (NFSA) benefits, is presently enabled in 33 States/UTs covering almost 86.7% NFSA population (about 69 Crore NFSA beneficiaries) in the country. Delhi being the latest to enable the same from July 2021. Further, the Department has regularly pursued with the remaining 3 States of Chhattisgarh, Assam and West Bengal to enable the ONORC at the earliest depending upon their technical readiness to implement the portability of ration cards.

State/UT wise percentage of Aadhaar seeding with Ration Card/Beneficiaries and FPS automation

Sl.States/UTs% Aadhaar Seeding with Ration Cards% Aadhaar Seeding with Beneficiaries% FPS Automation
1Andaman and Nicobar Islands100%98%96%
2Andhra Pradesh100%100%100%
3Arunachal Pradesh60%43%100%
8Dadra & NH and Daman Diu100%100%100%
13Himachal Pradesh100%100%100%
14Jammu & Kashmir100%93%100%
20Madhya Pradesh100%98%100%
31Tamil Nadu100%100%100%
35Uttar Pradesh100%99%100%
36West Bengal80%75%100%

Geo-imaging satellite “EOS-03” is scheduled for launch in third quarter of 2021-Dr Jitendra Singh


Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Science & Technology; Minister of State (Independent Charge) Earth Sciences; MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances, Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh said that Geo-imaging satellite“EOS-03”is scheduled for launch in third quarter of 2021 that would enable near-real time monitoring of natural disasters like floods & cyclones.  In a written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today, he said, ISRO realized EOS-03 is capable of imaging the whole country 4-5 times daily. In addition to natural disasters, EOS-03 would also enable monitoring of water bodies, crops, vegetation condition, forest cover changes etc.

The first developmental flight of Small Satellite Launch Vehicle or SSLV is scheduled in the fourth quarter of 2021 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota.ISRO’s vast experience in Solid propulsion and heritage of proven design practices has enabled SSLV to be developed as a cost-effective, three stage, all-solid launch vehicle with a payload capability of 500 kg to 500 km planar orbit or 300 kg to Sun Synchronous Polar Orbit. SSLV is ideal for on-demand, quick turn-around launch of small satellites. The major technologies developed as part of realization of SSLV are flexible nozzle control with electro-mechanical actuators for all stages, miniaturized avionics and a velocity trimming module in the upper stage for precise satellite injection.

Source: PIB

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