NEW DELHI, August 25, 2017: As on March 2017, the service sector grew 7.74 per cent year-on-year to Rs 21.43 trillion (US$ 332.74 billion). The Indian digital classifieds industry is expected to grow three-fold to reach US$ 1.2 billion by 2020, driven by growth in horizontal classifieds like online services, real estate and automobiles. Out of overall services sector, the sub-sector comprising financial services, real estate and professional services contributed US$ 305.8 billion or 20.5 per cent to the GDP, reveals the joint study on ‘Service Sector in India’ released today at New Delhi.
Service sector employs nearly 40% of the population in the economy. It has the capacity to absorb the need of the growing population. The employment in the service sector has increased from 23.7% in 1999 to 29% in 2016-17. State-wise, there are wide differences in the share in employment of different sectors in rural India. It is found that some work-eastern states like Sikkim, Tripura and Manipur have a high share of employment in the services sector and again some city states like Chandigarh and Delhi also have very high shares of employment in services like 826 and 879 respectively out of 1,000 employed people.
In urban India the shares of employment in services in most of the states varied like 833 in Assam, 877 in Meghalaya, 732 in Bihar, 787 in Jharkhand, 711 in Kerala, 716 in Maharashtra, 743 in Rajasthan, 653 in Uttar Pradesh, 641 in Gujarat, 586 in Tamil Nadu and 683 in West Bengal out of 1000 employed people.
The services sector is also an important contributor to the Indian exports. India’s share in global services exports stood at 3.2 per cent in 2014-15; double that of its merchandise exports in global merchandise exports at 1.7 per cent, placing India in the eighth place amongst the top ten exporters of service in the world. Export of services grew by 5.9 per cent year-on-year to $13.06 billion in 2016-17, noted the study.
Accordingly, services sector has been rendering some valuable services, viz., health services, educational facilities; IT and IT enabled services (ITes), skill development, health tourism, sports, and cultural services etc. which are largely responsible for human empowerment and improvement of quality of life of the people in general.
India has been largely considered as favoured destination for increasing flow of FDI. Foreign direct investment (FDI) is a major source of non-debt financial resource for the economic development of India. Foreign companies invest in India to take advantage of relatively lower wages, special investment privileges such as tax exemptions, etc. The total FDI investments India received during April 2016-March 2017 rose 8 per cent year-on-year to US$ 60.08 billion, indicating that government’s effort to improve ease of doing business and relaxation in FDI norms is yielding results. Most recently, the total FDI equity inflows for the month of March 2017 touched US$ 2.45 billion.