5245TH SRI KRISHNA JANMASHTAMI GREETINGS
( EMPEROR LORD SRI KRISHNA’s 5245TH BIRTH ANNIVERSARY )
ON 14TH / 15TH AUGUST 2017 ( i.e. 5119TH YEAR OF KALIYUGA
viz. 2074th year of Vikram Samvat calendar
viz. 1939th year of Shaka Samvat calendar )
Emperor Lord Sri Krishna was born in 3228 BC (Before Christ). His birthday is observed as the Hindu festival ‘Sri Krishna Janmashtami’ (also known as Krishnashtami, Gokulashtami, Ashtami Rohini, Srikrishna Jayanti and Sree Jayanthi) and is celebrated every year according to Hindu Luni-solar calendar, on the 8th day (Ashtami) of the Krishna Paksha (dark fortnight) in month Chandramasa ‘Shravana’, which overlaps with August and September of the Gregorian calendar. Sri Krishna was born in prison as his parents were imprisoned and Krishna got saved by supernatural incidents – stories of which are very popular in Vedic and Puranic literature and numerous folklore thereafter. Krishna’s birthplace in Mathura (in Uttar Pradesh province is now existing as site of Shri Krishna Janmabhoomi, situated next to Kesava Deo Temple. Later Krishna spent his childhood (being smuggled out of jail after his birth) in the neighbourhood of Vrindavan and Gokul near Mathura.
Krishna is considered the 8th avatar (incarnation) of Vishnu in Human form
(and Krishna was born in 1886th year after Emperor Lord Rama ),
Rama was born in 5114 BC before Christ and 7131st Ram Navmi festival of birth of Rama was celebrated in April 2017).
Note: All herein mentioned dates are calculated with perfect precision as per Vedic astronomical ancientmost systems. Vedic literature tells the smallest unit of time as
1 ‘paramanu’ (60750th part of a second) and 1 ‘truti’ (way smaller many times to a microsecond, Truti equals 0.031 µs (microsecond) in Sidereal Metrics) and Vedic cosmology precisely gives age of our entire Universe as giving its largest unit as Mahakalpa (313.52832 trillion human years)
– so the Vedic scriptures can’t be never naïve on these dates of 3228 BC i.e. Krishna’s birth and 5114 BC i.e. Rama’s birth,
And based on same Vedic calculations as well the present Kaliyuga calendar was made. * Kaliyuga epoch began in 3102 BC (before Christ) and present Gregorian year 2017 AD or CE as on today is the 5119th year of Kaliyuga ;
* In 3138 BC (after 18 day Mahabharata war) Dharmaraja Yudhisthira Samvat / Era begin with King Yudhisthira’s coronation as the King of Hastinapur and Indraprastha (the Indraprastha city is the ancient name of New Delhi the present capital of India) and King Yudhisthira ruled for 36 years. And thus 2017 AD / CE of Gregorian calendar is 5155th year of the Dharmaraja Yudhisthira Samvat calendar ;
* New Saka Era is also referred as the official India’s National Calendar (or Shalivahana Saka Era) and the Shalivahana Saka Samvat / Era began as zero year in 78 AD / CE ;
* Whereas, another Older Saka Era (called Varahamihira Saka Samvat) is used in older dating system of ancient Indian calendars and the Varahamihira Saka Samvat / Era begin in 576 BC (before Christ). Thus 2017 AD / CE is 2593th year of older Varahamihira Saka Samvat / Era ;
* Vikram Era or Vikram Samvat is an Indian calendar system that started in 57 BC (before Christ).
Krishna was about 7 years old when he killed King Kansa who had imprisoned his parents – Devaki (mother) and Vasudeva (father). Thereafter, Yashoda (foster-mother) and Nanda (foster-father) in Gokul exchanged their daughter Yogmaya giving her to Krishna’s father Vasudeva on the night of his birth for protecting Krishna from Devaki’s brother – Kansa, the King of Mathura.
Later Krishna, his elder brother Balrama and his close friend Sudhama studied in Sandipani Asrama, located 2 km outside Ujjain, in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.
Emperor Sri Krishna is India’s eternally famous legendary Emperor-King because of his mastery of Philosophy, Spirituality, Religion, Politics, Statecraft, Warfare, and numerous superior Sciences and Performing Arts. Interestingly, from his early teenage times Krishna played flute which enchanted Humans and Cows that heard him play his flute (while he was herdsman of those cows as a teenager). He gave the Bhagavad Gita a 700 verse Hindu scripture in Sanskrit during the Mahabharata war that was fought for 18 days in Kurukshetra (now in Haryana state of India), stories before, during and after Mahabharata war got composed/compiled as an Epic by Sage Vyasa.
Capital city of Krishna’s Kingdom was Dwarka (Bet-Dwarka island, now submerged in Sea, at mouth of Gulf of Kutch situated 3 kilometers (2 miles) off the coast of Okha, Gujarat, India. The island is measured northwest to southeast in 13 kilometers (8 miles) with an average 4 kilometers (2 miles) in east-west direction. It is a strip of sand and stone situated 30 kilometers (19 miles) north of town of present-day Dwarka city. Dwarka city which is in today’s state of Gujarat in northwestern India. It is located on the western shore of the Okhamandal Peninsula on the right bank of the Gomti River. This city’s Dwarkadhish Temple dedicated to Krishna was originally built around 2500 years ago. Dwarka is also one of Char Dham (four pilgrimages) – comprising Rameswaram, Badrinath, Puri and Dwarka.
The Dwarka’s Dwarkadhish Temple is also the location of Dwaraka Mutţ, (this Western centre i.e. Dwaraka Mutţ, is also known as Sharada Mutt or Sharada Peeth or Kalika Matha) – the “western peeth”, one of the four Peeths (religious center of Jyotirmath, Shringeri, Puri and Dwarka) established by Adi Shankaracharya in 2000 BC (Adi Shrankacharya’s lifetimes are wrongfully described by modern historians as 8th century after Christ) – Truth is that Adi Shankaracharya lived in 2000 BC (before Christ) and died at 32 years of age in Jyotirmath/Joshimath the northern Mutt or Peeth established in North by Adi Shrankacharya himself (near Kedarnath and Badrinath) in Uttarakhand state in Himalayan region of India. Interestingly, Adi Shankara united Shaivism and Vaishnavism as one entity and thus also established Govardhana Mutt of Puri as one of his four Monasteries or Mutt or Peeth (Puri is located in the city of Puri in Odisha eastern state of India and Govardhana Mutt of Puri is associated with the Jagannath temple of Puri).
Most Indians (traditional Hindus of all known denominations), and above 80% Nepalis, about 15 million Bangladeshis, 4 million Hindus of Pakistan and (over 1.15 billion Hindu adherents worldwide – including over 200 thousand Hindus in Russia, over 2 million Hindus in African nations, over 3 million Hindus in Middle-east, over 7 million Hindus in Southeast Asian countries, over 2 million Hindus in European continent, 440 thousand Hindus of Australia, 300 thousand Hindus in Fiji/Oceania, 700 thousand Hindus of Mauritius, 497 thousand Hindus of Canada, 2.5 million Hindus in USA, 300 thousand Hindus of Caribbean West Indies and 400 thousand Hindus of South American continent) celebrate the Janmashtami/Gokulashtami annual Hindu ritual with utmost fanfare and almost similar multiple regional rituals.
Besides all other traditional Hindus denominations, the ISKCON (Krishna consciousness) Hindu-practicneers and followers globally (population of above 1 million by estimates), with its temples numbering about 700 in world and other many millions of ISKCON’s foreigner admirers internationally popularly nicknamed as “Hare Krishnas” mark this day of Krishna’s birthday Sri Krishna Janmashtami as their main festival.
Arya Samaj (Vedic Hindu reformists) also accept Emperor Krishna as a ‘mahapurush’ (great man) alike Emperor Rama.
And traditional Hindu reformists like Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission also celebrate Sri Krishna Janmashtami festival annually.
Also, newage faiths alike Ahmadiyya, Bahai, Theosophists etc. regard Krishna as a divine being in their respective beliefs and scriptures.
Krishna was canonized by English occultist Aleister Crowley and is recognized as a saint of Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica (E.G.C.), or the Gnostic Catholic Church, in the Gnostic Mass of Ordo Templi Orientis (O.T.O.) ‘Order of the Temple of the East’ or ‘Order of Oriental Templars’ – an international fraternal and religious organization founded at the beginning of the 20th century by Carl Kellner and Theodor Reuss.
In North India’s states, the Dance-Drama Processions and Exhibitions with Temple Lights, Fasting and Midnight Pooja (worshiping) are common rituals. In Jammu, kite-flying from roof-tops is a part of the celebration on Krishna Janmashtami. Raslila traditions like childhood pranks of Krishna, and love affairs of Radha-Krishna are particularly popular Dance-Drama themes.
In India’s Northeastern state of Manipur this is a popular celebration observed with recitation of scriptures and Krishna prayers.
In Western India youth groups form Govinda Pathaks (Teams) and compete in forming human pyramids. Janmashtami (popularly called ‘Gokulashtami’ in Maharashtra) is celebrated in cities such as Mumbai and Pune, as ‘Dahi Handi‘ (terracotta pot of yoghurt/curd). Gujarat and Rajasthan perform ‘Makhan Handi’ (pot with freshly churned butter).
In Eastern India’s states of West Bengal, Odisha and Assam the festival is also referred to as ‘Sri Krishna Jayanti’ or simply ‘Sri Jayanti’.
The festival is celebrated with great fervor in entire Southern India – Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. In Kerala the festival is called ‘Ashtami Rohini’.
People break their fasting and offer various types of sweets after midnight.
Usual Janmashtami Pooja (worship) timings are decided giving preference to Ashtami Tithi and Rohini Nakshatra also called as Brahmi Nakshatra – known in Western world as Aldebaran – designated Alpha Tauri (abbreviated Alpha Tau) is an orange giant star located about 65 light years from the Sun in the zodiac constellation of Taurus.
Hindu Vedic astronomy system divided sky into 27 parts called Nakshatra and each Nakshatra has 4 Padas (parts) that gives 108 total parts. These 27 Nakshatras (constellations) complete the entire circle of 360 degrees from the 12 zodiac signs called 12 Rasis of Vedic zodiac. Janamanakshtra is the Nakshatra in which the Natal Moon is placed at the time of birth.
Since Krishna was born at midnight, the Janmashtami Puja (worshipping) also commences at that time. Sri Krishna was born in Shravana month, during Rohini Nakshatra, Krishna Paksha (dark fortnight’s) Ashtami (8th) date of Vedic Luni-Solar Calendar.
Happy 5245th Sri Krishna Janmashtami in 2017 to all of you from “delhiNCRnews.in”.